The origin of Riga is a Liiv village – a convenient natural port. The Daugava River was used for international trade between the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea as early as the 5th century. The navigation history also includes the trade artery from the Varangians to the Greeks, or the Daugava-Dnieper Amber Road. In the 12th century a small village, that later became the city of Riga, was created on the river bank. The location possessed all natural preconditions required for a port – a place where ships could find shelter from winds, waves and spring floods, as well as unload goods and disembark passengers. The Liiv village on the right bank of the Daugava , at the mouth of the Riga or Ridzene River, became a convenient location for trade between seamen from Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands and other countries arriving to Riga by sea and Russian merchants who used to come by River Daugava.
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